1,2,3 4 stages of an american city

new haven and the american city



1st age: geography, community, agriculture, land

2nd age: industrialism urbanization density

3rd age: service, growth, end of urbanism, sprawl, decline of city, technology overcomes time and space. ‘nuclear family’. retail from dime store, general store, to  deparatment store to mall to big box.

transportation, decay of rail in favor of trucking. port cities to river cities to resource cities

4th period,  size matters, american cities are not close to the density and scale of major cities. cities market themselves, tell stories. re-invent themselves.

take a look at global footprint network & sage UW madison data


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